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Monograph: Serial electrodiagnostic testing: Utility and indications in adult neurological disorders
Monograph: Serial electrodiagnostic testing: Utility and indications in adult neurological disorders
Although existing guidelines address electrodiagnostic (EDX) testing in identifying neuromuscular conditions, guidance regarding the uses and limitations of serial (or repeat) EDX testing is limited. By assessing neurophysiological change longitudinally across time, serial electrodiagnosis can clarify a diagnosis and potentially provide valuable prognostic information. This monograph presents four broad indications for serial electrodiagnosis in adult peripheral neurological disorders. First, where clinical change has raised suspicion for a new or ongoing lesion, EDX reassessment for spatial spread of abnormality, involvement of previously normal muscle or nerve, and/or evolving pathophysiology can clarify a diagnosis. Second, where diagnosis of a progressive neuromuscular condition is uncertain, electrophysiological data from a second time point can confirm or refute suspicion. Third, to establish prognosis after a static nerve injury, a repeat study can assess the presence and extent of reinnervation. Finally, faced with a limited initial study (as when complicated by patient or environmental factors), a repeat EDX study can supplement missing or limited data to provide needed clarity. Repeat EDX studies carry certain limitations, however, such as with prognostication in the setting of remote or chronic lesions, sensory predominant fascicular injury, or mild axonal injury. Nevertheless, serial electrodiagnosis remains a valuable and underused tool in the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of neuromuscular conditions.

Objectives: The objectives of this activity are to:(1) recognize the situations in which serial electrodiagnostic testing is indicated; (2) implement serial electrodiagnostic testing in the setting of suspicion for a new or ongoing lesion or diagnostic uncertainty regarding possible progressive disease; (3) implement serial electrodiagnostic testing when needVed for prognosis in the setting of a clinically stable deficit with weakness and in settings in which the initial EDX data are incomplete.

The AANEM is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Dr. Amro Stino has received support from Bristol Myers Squibb, and has served as a paid consultant for Argent and CSL Behring. The remaining authors have no conflicts of interest.

The AANEM is accredited by the American Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to providing continuing education for physicians. AANEM designates this Journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.  Credit expires 4/1/2027.
Sandra L. Hearn MD; Amro Maher Stino MD; Ileana M. Howard MD; Gautam Malhotra MD; Lawrence Robinson MD.
Availability: On-Demand
Expires on Apr 01, 2027
Cost: Member: $0.00
Non-Member: $15.00
Credit Offered:
1 CME Credit
1 CEU Credit
2621 Superior Drive NW Rochester, MN 55901
Phone: 507.288.0100
Fax: 507.288.1225
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